In such circumstances, youth may be embedded in both peer and family contexts where aggressive behaviors are supported. Thus, the sample sizes vary somewhat across the results. Identification of patterns of dating aggression and victimization among urban early adolescents and their relations to mental health symptoms. The intensification of gender-related role expectations during early adolescence. Preventing violence in relationships.
Development and Psychopathology. Additionally, the current sample was purposefully recruited to be at-risk for academic failure, further limiting generalizability. This study extends previous research by examining whether parental support for aggressive and nonaggressive responses to conflict extends to dating aggression in early adolescence. The effect of poor parenting on male and female dating violence perpetration and victimization.
Conflict and negotiation in adolescent romantic relationships. Predictors of latent trajectory classes of physical dating violence victimization. Examination of sex and race differences in longitudinal predictors of the initiation of adolescent dating violence perpetration. Gender differences in the longitudinal predictors of dating violence. An operational classification of disease prevention.
Footnotes The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The concept of health promotion and the prevention of adolescent drug use. Age, puberty, dating guy and exposure to intimate partner violence in adolescence. Parent support for aggressive solutions as a moderator of the effect of peer deviancy on physical dating violence.
Further, this study did not assess sexual dating violence, which is an important aspect of teen dating violence. The development of romantic relationships in adolescence. Roughly two years later, families returned for the second wave of data collection.
Mothers reported on annual household income and number of persons supported by this income. However, other studies have failed to find gender differences in associations between peer deviance and dating violence Gwartney-Gibbs et al. Handbook of antisocial behavior. Abstract This study examined parenting and peer predictors of physical dating violence perpetration during early adolescence and tested moderation among these predictors and gender. The structure of self-reported aggression, drug use, and delinquency during early adolescence.
Journal of Pediatric Psychology. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Dating aggression occurs frequently in early to mid-adolescence and has negative repercussions for psychosocial adjustment and physical health. Future studies with larger and more representative samples could examine the various contributions of these and other potentially important variables e.
An indirect effect was found for the relation between beliefs supporting reactive aggression and dating aggression via anger dysregulation. Aggression, antisocial behavior, and violence among girls. On the other hand, girls but not boys who perceived their parents as supporting nonaggressive solutions to problems reported less physical dating aggression.
In addition to the fact that dating begins early for some adolescents, limited evidence suggests that these relationships tend to occur among the highest risk youth. Gender-specific pathways between maternal depression symptoms, family discord, and adolescent adjustment. Age of alcohol use initiation, suicidal behavior, and peer and dating violence victimization and perpetration among high-risk, seventh-grade adolescents. Substance use as a longitudinal predictor of the perpetration of teen dating violence. The contribution of marital violence to adolescent aggression across different relationships.
The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Psychol Violence. We then conducted three multiple group model tests where each of the interaction terms was constrained to be equivalent across gender, resulting in a one degree of freedom chi-square test. We hypothesized that, although the parenting and peer variables would be related to physical dating violence for both genders, the associations would be stronger for girls. Gender as a moderator of the interaction of parent support for nonaggressive solutions by peer deviancy, reported separately for girls and boys. Gender differences in risk behaviors among adolescents who experience date fighting.
Taking stock of behavioral measures of adolescent dating violence. Intimate partner abuse and the reproductive health and sexually active female adolescents. Acculturation, ethnic identity, and dating violence among Latino ninth-grade students. For girls, the lack of parent support for nonviolent strategies combined with having many deviance-prone friends may exacerbate physical aggression toward a dating partner.
- The origins and development of psychopathology in females and males.
- Whereas parental involvement was unrelated to physical dating aggression for girls, boys who reported that their parents monitored them more closely reported lower levels of perpetration.
- Longitudinal relationships between individual and class norms supporting dating violence and perpetration of dating violence.
- The rate of cyber dating abuse among teens and how it relates to other forms of teen dating violence.
- Introduction to statistical mediation analysis.
Similarly, parental supervision and monitoring predicted dating violence only for boys. American Journal of Public Health. The patterns of behavior learned during this developmental timeframe may persist in future dating relationships, underscoring the need to identify risk factors for this outcome. Because dating aggression has been demonstrated in some studies to differ depending on adolescent sex, race, and socioeconomic risk, we explored these variables as potential moderators. Maternal behaviors supporting autonomy predicted higher reports of perpetration and victimization of physical dating aggression for girls, but not for boys.
In terms of parenting practices, Foshee et al. The development of romantic relationships in adolescence pp. The effective prevention of dating aggression across a diversity of adolescent populations is critical to the prevention of intimate partner violence across the lifespan. Finally, comparing teens exposed vs.
Physical dating aggression growth during adolescence. Mixed-gender groups, dating, and romantic relationships in early adolescence. To test gender as a moderator, we compared an unconstrained multiple group model i. The current study examined longitudinal relations between beliefs supporting aggression, anger regulation, and dating aggression. Mixed-sex settings and the perception of competence.
Peer ecology of male adolescent drug use. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Prevalence of partner violence in same-sex romantic and sexual relationships in a national sample of adolescents. The current entry synthesizes results from this growing body of research. Intimate partner violence-prevalence, types and chronicity in adult women.
An additional limitation is that the study did not examine ethnicity as a potential moderator of predictive associations. To test our next question, the model included the three parenting factors, peer deviance, and three interaction terms for each of the parenting factors by peer deviancy. Results Means and standard deviations were calculated for each independent and dependent variable for the entire sample and for each group defined by the moderator variables examined in this study. Accordingly, there are limitations in the extent to which these results can go beyond suggesting relations worthy of further study. Explaining delinquency and drug use.
- Recognizing this, numerous organizations have declared preventing adolescent dating abuse a public health and human rights imperative Graffunder et al.
- Longitudinal predictors of serious physical and sexual dating violence victimization during adolescence.
- Acknowledgments The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
Both boys and girls who had more deviant friends reported more physical aggression towards their dating partner. Future directions in emotion dysregulation and youth psychopathology. No direct effects were found between beliefs supporting reactive or proactive aggression and dating aggression. More recently, Kinsfogel and Grych found that the frequency and number of friends who engaged in dating violence was associated with self-reported dating violence. For each hypothesis, four dating aggression variables perpetration and victimization of both physical and psychological aggression were examined.
Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Conflict of interest The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
More recent research suggests that high levels of support for autonomy may not always predict positive outcomes for all adolescents Allen, et al. The development of four types of adolescent dating abuse and selected demographic correlates. Gwartney-Gibbs, Stockard, and Bohmer found that involvement with aggressive peers was associated with dating aggression among undergraduates. Physical dating violence norms and behavior among sixth-grade students from four U. Minority adolescents demonstrated fewer behaviors both supporting and inhibiting autonomy and fewer behaviors supporting relatedness in their interaction tasks than their Caucasian counterparts.